Date: 19 April 2018
Time: from 11:50 to 13:30
Place: NHTV, Mgr. Hopmansstraat 1, Breda. Room N1.222
By: Speaker: Mr Marc Josten (Investigative journalist, Editor in Chief at ARGOS TV)
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Mr Marc Josten is an investigative journalist and editor in chief at HUMAN Broadcasting Company. He was and is involved in programmes made by ARGOS, the Philosophical Quintet and Medialogica. He started his career at the weekly newspaper ‘Vrij Nederland’ and worked on controversial issues in business and politics. He (co)authored several books including ‘Weerwoord: de Publieke Opinie’ (Reply: the Public Opinion) from 2017.
Theme: Fake news
‘Fake news’ is a term that was, about 18 months ago, still unknown to many people. Yet, today, it has grown into a catch-all concept which indicates the disapproval, or rather, the discrediting of news and all kinds of stories. Fake news refers to (news) stories that have been spread with the sole purpose of misleading the general public in such a way that, for example, their opinion and behaviour lead to damaging certain people and/or gaining financial or political gain. Fake news is therefore dishonest, untrue and fabricated, while presented as accurate and true. It can be found in both traditional and social media. This phenomenon, although quite old, has risen to prominence during and after the recent presidential election in the United States. So-called ‘trolls’ (some of whom are paid) spread misinformation on all kinds of websites, including Twitter and Facebook.
The contrast cannot be bigger: while professional journalism is expected to inform the public in a fair, objective, honest and factual way, and to adhere to a professional code of ethics, and to the norms and values applied to media ethics, fake news creates confusion, uncertainty and harm. Is there a possibility to recognize and identify fake news? How can we, the general public, go around with fake news? Which values are at stake when a society is ‘ruled’ by fake news? What does it say about free speech? How can we make good decisions if we cannot trust the news?
This theme will be addressed by Mr. Marc Josten, who is an expert on the processes, which influence the public opinion. He will use both historical and current examples to lay bare the mechanisms and impacts of fake news.